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What Kind of Emergency?

Initial Incident Activities

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Multimedia Library: Animations, Illustrations, Photos Multimedia Library: Animations, Illustrations, Photos

  1. Radiation Concepts
    1. Learn the Basics:
    2. Contamination
    3. Exposure
    4. Dose Rate Effect of Radiation Exposure
    5. Types of Ionizing Radiation and Shielding Required
    6. Radiation Shielding - Illustration
    7. Alpha Radiation - Animation
    8. Beta and Gamma Radiation - Animation
    9. Neutron - Illustration
    10. Becquerel - Animation
    11. Electromagnetic Radiation: Ionizing and Non-ionizing
    12. Decay Rate/Half-life of Radioisotopes
    13. Atomic Number and Atomic Mass
  2. Decontamination
    1. Use of Shower for External Decontamination
    2. Decontamination Using Water from Fire Trucks
    3. Decontamination Facilities and Procedures
    4. Video: Decontamination of Children (HHS/AHRQ, Children's Hospital Boston) Watch video
    5. Personal Protective Equipment
    6. Tyvek® Suit Used by Responders During External Decontamination of Victims
    7. Radiation Survey Equipment
    8. Video: Screening People for External Contamination: How to Use Hand-held Radiation Survey Equipment — 4 videos about the equipment and how to use it. (HHS/CDC) Watch video
    9. Personal Dosimeter
  3. Acute Radiation Syndrome
    1. Time/Dose Effects in ARS
    2. Time Phases of ARS
    3. Time to Onset of Vomiting and Dose
    4. Hematopoietic Subsyndrome Treatment
  4. Radiation Effect on Blood Counts
    1. Lymphocyte Depletion Kinetics Graph (used to estimate whole-body dose)
    2. Radiation Effects on Blood Counts (1)
    3. Radiation Effects on Blood Counts (2)
    4. Radiation Effects on Blood Counts (3)
    5. Chromosome Aberrations - Dicentric Chromosomes (1)
    6. Chromosome Aberrations - Dicentric Chromosomes (2)
    7. Conventional Lymphocyte Metaphase-Dicentric Assay
    8. Scoring of Dicentrics
    9. Video: Cytogenetic Biodosimetry Process (REAC/TS) Watch video
  5. Radiation Safety
    1. Factors That Decrease Radiation from Exposure
    2. Types of Ionizing Radiation and Shielding Required
    3. Types of Ionizing Radiation and Shielding Required: Video (HHS/CDC) (YouTube - 1:44 min) Watch video
    4. Personal Protective Clothing
    5. Tyvek® Suit Used by Responders During External Decontamination of Victims
    6. Examples of Radiation Signs and Symbols for Work Areas, Buildings, Transportation of Cargo
    7. Video: Emergency Response to a Transportation Accident Involving Radioactive Material (YouTube - 18:10 minutes) (DHS/FEMA, DOE/TEPP) Watch video
    8. Video: Pre-Hospital Practices for Handling a Radiologically Contaminated Patient (YouTube - 11:53 minutes) (DHS/FEMA, DOE/TEPP) Watch video
  6. Radiation Survey Equipment
    1. Personal Dosimeter
    2. Radiation Detection Devices
    3. Video: Screening People for External Contamination: How to Use Hand-held Radiation Survey Equipment — 4 videos about the equipment and how to use it. (HHS/CDC) Watch video
    4. How to Perform a Survey for Radiation Contamination
    5. Body Chart for Recording Results of Radiation Survey
      (PDF - 49 KB)
  7. Clinical Pictures
    1. How to Recognize and Initially Respond to an Accidental Radiation Injury (PDF - 436 KB)
    2. Thermal Skin Burns: Example after Nuclear Blast
    3. Cutaneous Radiation Syndrome - Gallery of Clinical Photographs (Flash - 11 MB)
  8. Radiation Control Zones
    1. Establish locations for field activities
    2. Establish Patient Handling Flow
    3. Flow chart example of community reception center with potentially contaminated victims (PDF - 2.68 MB) (REAC/TS)
    4. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP)
      Radiation Protection Perimeter Guidelines
    5. Definition of Radiation Area Boundaries
    6. Control Zone in the Emergency Department
    7. Prototype for Zones to Handle Staff/Patients in Medical Facility at Mass Casualty Incident
  9. Nuclear Explosions
    1. Nuclear Explosion: Mushroom Cloud
    2. Approximate Prompt and Delayed Fallout Effects from a 10 kT Detonation - Illustration
    3. How Energy Is Dispersed after Nuclear Explosion: Approximate
    4. Zones of Damage after Nuclear Explosion: Generalized
    5. Blast Range and Significant Effects
    6. Estimated Fallout Pattern from Nuclear Air Burst
    7. Factors That Affect Fallout
    8. Fallout: Relative Rate of Decline of Radioactive Activity after Nuclear Explosion
    9. How Blast Injuries Cause Trauma
    10. Flash Blindness
    11. Retinal Burn
    12. Thermal Skin Burns: Example after Nuclear Blast
    13. How Buildings Provide Shielding from a Nuclear Explosion
    14. How Nuclear Explosions Affect Dwellings: Examples
    15. Size of the Incident and Potential Affected Areas
  10. Radiological Dispersal Devices (RDDs)
    1. Dirty Bomb: Radiological Dispersal Device Using Explosive
    2. Dispersal of Radioactive Material by Aircraft
    3. RDD: Major Pathways of Release and Interaction
    4. Dirty Bombs: Slates, B-roll, and Sound Bites for Broadcast Media Use (HHS/CDC) Watch video
  11. Radiological Exposure Devices (REDs) - Hidden Sealed Source
    1. Hidden Sealed Radioactive Source (Radiological Exposure Device) in Train Car
  12. Video Library
  13. Miscellaneous
    1. Example of a Commercial CBRNE Triage Tag (Wikipedia)

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