Ubiquitous, naturally occurring sources of radiation
Medical tests and procedures
Consumer products and activities involving radiation
Occupational exposures to workers
Includes doses from both external exposure and internal radionuclides
Estimates the risk that radiation will cause detrimental stochastic effects (primarily cancer incidence weighted for lethality and life impairment and to a lesser extent hereditary effects) in the reference population1-5
It is not appropriate to use effective dose to assess the radiation detriment to an individual or subsets of the US population with an age and gender distribution significantly different from the reference population.