REMM Bibliography - Software Tools for Radiation Incident Response



Managing Radiation Incident Responses

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Radiation Biodosimetry

See: Radiation Biodosimetry Software: selected bibliography list


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Retrospective Assessment of Dose Using Unconventional Devices

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Assign Clinical Triage Category in Radiation Incident

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Estimating Internal Contamination and Managing Decorporation

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Radiation Epidemiology

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Reporting of Environmental Radiation

  • RadResponder Network and Tool (FEMA): for federal, state, local or tribal government staff collecting environmental monitoring and consequence management data for use routinely or during an incident. Registration required.
  • EPA's RadNet Data: national monitoring system
  • Turbo FRMAC® software program
    • Requires registration to download
    • Software implementation of the science and methodologies utilized by the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC).
    • These methods are documented in the FRMAC Assessment Manual for use in the event of the intentional or accidental release of radioactive material to guide and govern the response of the Federal, State, Local, and Tribal governments.
      • FRMAC Assessment Manual, Volume 1, Overview and Methods, (PDF - 2.67 MB), April 2015, SAND2013-0184P
        • Define the technical methods for performing radiological assessment
        • Sever as scientific basis for Turbo FRMAC® software
      • FRMAC Assessment Manual, Volume 2, Pre-assessed Default Scenarios, (PDF - 3.94 MB), February 2010, SAND2010-2575P,
        • Eight scenarios; All accidents, none IND detonation
        • Provide default "Derived Response Levels" (DRLs) for the key decisions (worker protection, evacuation/sheltering, relocation, agricultural hold).
        • These default DRLs will be used to assess data until sufficient information has been accumulated to eliminate assumptions used in their calculation.
  • HotSpot (NARAC)
    • Created to provide emergency response personnel and emergency planners with a fast, field-portable set of software tools for evaluating incidents involving radioactive material.
    • Also used for safety analyses of facilities handling nuclear material.
    • Physics Codes for PC
  • CAMEO (Computer-Aided Management of Emergency Operations, Software Suite, NOAA)
    • CAMEO is the umbrella name for a system of software applications used widely to plan for and respond to chemical and radiation release emergencies.
    • All of the programs in the suite work interactively to share and display critical information in a timely fashion; the programs can also be used individually.
    • Access tools.
  • ALOHA (Areal Locations of Hazardous Atmospheres, NOAA)
  • RASCAL (Radiological Assessment System for Consequence Analysis, US NRC)
    • RASCAL is a tool used by the Protective Measures Team in the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC's) Operations Center for making independent dose and consequence projections during radiological incidents and emergencies.
    • RASCAL was developed by NRC over 25 years ago to provide a tool for the rapid assessment of an incident or accident at an NRC-licensed facility and aid decision-making such as whether the public should evacuate or shelter in place.
    • RASCAL evaluates atmospheric releases from nuclear power plants, spent fuel storage pools and casks, fuel cycle facilities, and radioactive material handling facilities.
    • Its data is not the only criterion used by the local authorities during an accident, but certainly an important one.
  • HPAC (DoD)
    • HPAC is a forward deployable and/or reachback modeling capability available for Government, Government-related, or academic use. This software tool assists in emergency response to hazardous agent releases.
    • Its fast running, physics-based algorithms enable users to model and predict hazard areas and human collateral effects in minutes.
    • HPAC provides the capability to accurately predict the effects of HAZMAT releases into the atmosphere and their impact on civilian and military populations.
  • ResRad (DOE/Office of Health, Safety and Security)
    • What is ResRad?
      • "A Community Guide to Estimating Radiation Doses From Residual Radioactive Contamination" from "radioactive waste generated by both civilian and military uses of nuclear power".
      • "RESRAD allows users to specify the features of their site and to predict the dose received by an individual at anytime over the next 100,000 years."
      • Obtain ResRad family of codes
    • ResRad Offsite
      • "An extension of the RESRAD (onsite) computer code that was developed to estimate the radiological consequences to a receptor located onsite or outside the area of primary contamination. It calculates radiological dose and excess lifetime cancer risk with the predicted radionuclide concentrations in the environment, and derives soil cleanup guidelines corresponding to a specified dose limit. General description."
  • RACER (Risk, Analysis, Communication, Evaluation, Reduction)
    • Purpose: "to facilitate and enhance decision making and communication about risks from chemicals and radionuclides in the environment"
    • Produced by private corporation
  • Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (DOE/ORNL)

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Managing Blast Injuries

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Managing Bombing Incident: for First Responders